Osteoarthritis (OA)

Osteoarthritis is often referred to as “wear and tear” arthritis, or degenerative joint disease, and affects the cartilage within and surrounding joints.  Cartilage plays a key role in joint function, providing cushioning between bones and acting as a shock absorber.  Layers of cartilage also coat key components of ball and socket joints such as the hip and shoulder.  This gel-like coating of cartilage allows for the smooth movement of the joint, functionality that is lost when cartilage is degraded by the disease.

Symptoms of OA

Osteoarthritis can affect any joint in the body, but is most commonly found in the hips, knees, spine, and hands. Common symptoms include restricted movement throughout the joint, pain, and swelling. A traumatic injury stemming from a broken bone, fall, sports injury, or automobile accident can cause osteoarthritis symptoms to appear. Overuse of a joint, a common condition among athletes, can also lead to a degradation of the cartilage, causing problems for the patient for years after the initial injury occurs.

The natural aging process can also play a major factor in the development of osteoarthritis. Additionally, decades working in manual labor or other repetitive motion jobs can also contribute to the development. The onset of diabetes and cases of gout can also cause symptoms of OA. Physical therapy can lessen the effects of OA over time, while a regimen of anti-inflammatory drugs can minimize pain.

Orthopedic Treatment in Westchester County, New York

Dr. Steven Zelicof, board certified orthopedic surgeon, has been treating cases of rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis in the New York area since 1990. Dr. Zelicof earned a PhD in Immunopathology from University of Pennsylvania Pathology and has completed a Joint Reconstruction and Arthritis Surgery Fellowship at the Brigham and Women’s Hospital at Harvard Medical School. He is also a member of the New York chapter of the Arthritis Foundation and specializes in the conservative treatment of several orthopedic conditions.

Find out more about Dr. Zelicof and how to make an appointment at Specialty Orthopedic’s Harrison, New York office.